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SWEDISH-GAMBIAN NIUMI CULTURAL ASSOCIATION

SG-NKF is a non-profit making association composed of Niuminka men, women, children
and youths, and
is religious and party political independent.

The associations aims are to support
and develop the social and cultural relations between niuminkos living in Sweden and also enhance 
mutual understanding and friendship between the Swedish and Gambians.


 

Gambia is a small densely populated West African country. Geographically surrounded by Senegal almost entirely excerpt south of the Atlantic Ocean.
The country split into two parts by 
The Gambia River. These elements are
call "Northern Bank" and 
"South Bank". The  Gambia's current borders were determined after 1889 treaty between Britain and France. 

The country is divided into six administrative divisions or regions. One of
these is "North Bank Division," where Niumi is situated. 
North Bank Division has been further divided into 6 districts, two of them,
Lower Niumi District and Upper Niumi District and has 
Kerewan as the administrative headquarter. 

From the capital, Banjul, there are ferry links to Niumi. There are also small passenger boats as an alternative to the ferry. Gambia became a British
Crown Colony in 1843 and gained its independence 
in 1965 but, a military
coup led by Yahya A. J. J. Jammeh that 
overthrew the government of
president Dawda Kairaba Jawara in 
1994 and banned all political activities. 
A new constitution was created and presidential elections in 1996, followed by parliamentary balloting in 1997, completed a nominal return to civilian rule. Jammeh has been elected president in all subsequent elections, including most recently in late 2006. 

The climate is tropical with a warm rainy season from June to November. The rest of the year is cooler. Over the past 30 years, the rainfall decreased by 30%, which means that there are longer drought seasons. Gambia is for the most part, covered with savannas and salty mangroves. The climate in the country is 
tropical, with a dry season between November - May and a rainy season that extends from June to October. 

Gambia has approximately 1, 7 million inhabitants (July 2008 est.). This makes the population density very high, about 159.3 people per square kilometre Population growth is currently at 2.724% per year.
 

Population: African 99%, the largest groups are mandinka 42% (of population), fula 18%,  wolof 16%, jola 10%, serahuli 9%, other 4%),
non-African 1% 

Population average age: 17.9 years (2008). 
Infant mortality rate: 68.72 deaths/1,000 live births (2008 est.). 
Life expectancy: 54.95 years (2008). 
Religious affiliation: 90% Muslims, Christians 9%, indigenous religions 1%. 
Languages: English (official), mandinka, wolof, fola, Jola, Serahuli and other indigenous languages. 
Illiteracy: 2003 was nearly 40.1% of the population illiterate. 
Source: (www.chigambas.se (https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/
the-world-factbook/geos/ga.html